Professor; Adjunct Professor of the Curriculum in Peace, War and Defense
417 Hamilton Hall
Curriculum Vitae


PhD Harvard University, 2000

Research Interests

Fred Naiden studies ancient Greek law, religion, and warfare, including Near-Eastern parallels, especially among the Western Semites. Chief periods of interest are the Archaic and Classical. The early Roman Republic is a secondary interest. A project under way at this time is “The Invention of the Officer Corps,” an extensive work about the emergence of professional officers in Greece and then Macedon, culminating in the army of Philip and Alexander. His training in Greek and comparative religion and Classical philology led to Ancient Supplication (Oxford, 2006), a treatment of the practice of supplication in Greece and Rome, with attention to Near-Eastern comparanda. Supplication as a part of ancient surrender practices has led to an interest in Alexander the Great and ancient warfare, whereas supplication as a ritual regulated by the Greek poleis has led to an interest in Greek law, and particularly laws regulating sacrifice, which are the subject of the monograph Smoke Signals for the Gods. The languages used for his research are Greek, Latin, Hebrew and Akkadian.

Some Notable Publications

  • Mercury’s Wings: Exploring Modes of Communication in the Ancient World, co-edited with R. Talbert (Oxford, forthcoming)
  • Smoke Signals for the Gods: Ancient Greek Sacrifice from the Archaic through the Roman Periods (Oxford, 2013)
  • Greek and Roman Animal Sacrifice: Ancient Victims, Modern Observers, co-edited with C. Faraone (Cambridge, 2012)
  • Ancient Supplication (Oxford, 2006)

Graduate Students

Courses Taught (as schedule allows)

For current information about course offerings, click here.

  • HIST 225—History of Greece
  • HIST 392—Ancient Slavery
  • HIST 421—Greek Warfare
  • HIST 422—Alexander the Great
  • HIST 490—Topics in Greek history including Greek Religion and Greek Law
  • HIST 890—Seminars in Greek history, including Sacred Law and Alexander the Great