A History of Family Planning in Twentieth-Century Peru (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2014)
Adding to the burgeoning study of medicine and science in Latin America, this important book offers a comprehensive historical perspective on the highly contentious issues of sexual and reproductive health in an important Andean nation. Raúl Necochea approaches family planning as a historical phenomenon layered with medical, social, economic, and moral implications. At stake in this complex mix were new notions of individual autonomy, the future of gender relations, and national prosperity.
Gender and the Long Postwar: Reconsiderations of the United States and the Two Germanys, 1945–1989 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014)
Edited by Karen Hagemann and Sonya Michel, Gender and the Long Postwar examines gender politics during the post–World War II period and the Cold War in the United States and East and West Germany. The authors show how disruptions of older political and social patterns, exposure to new cultures, population shifts, and the rise of consumerism affected gender roles and identities. Comparing all three countries, chapters analyze the ways that gender figured into relations between victor and vanquished and shaped everyday life in both the Western and Soviet blocs. Topics include the gendering of the immediate aftermath of war; the military, politics, and changing masculinities in postwar societies; policies to restore the gender order and foster marriage and family; demobilization and the development of postwar welfare states; and debates over sexuality (gay and straight).
Rome’s World: The Peutinger Map Reconsidered (Cambridge University Press, 2014)
The Peutinger Map is the only map of the Roman world to come down to us from antiquity. An elongated object full of colorful detail and featuring land routes across Europe, North Africa, and the Near East, it was mysteriously rediscovered around 1500 and then came into the ownership of Konrad Peutinger, for whom it is named. Today it is among the treasures of the Austrian National Library in Vienna. Richard J. A. Talbert’s Rome’s World: The Peutinger Map Reconsidered offers a long overdue reinterpretation and appreciation of the map as a masterpiece of both mapmaking and imperial Roman ideology.
The Little Girl Who Fought the Great Depression: Shirley Temple and 1930s America (W.W.Norton & Company, Inc. 2014)
John F. Kasson tells the story of Shirley Temple’s career as America’s most adored—and commercialized—child during a pivotal decade in American history. Her image appeared in periodicals and advertisements roughly twenty times daily; she rivaled FDR and Edward VIII as the most photographed person in the world. Her portrait brightened the homes of countless admirers: from a black laborer’s cabin in South Carolina and young Andy Warhol’s house in Pittsburgh to FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover’s recreation room in Washington, DC, and gangster “Bumpy” Johnson’s Harlem apartment. A few years later her smile cheered the secret bedchamber of Anne Frank in Amsterdam as young Anne hid from the Nazis.
Lobbying America: The Politics of Business from Nixon to NAFTA (Princeton University Press, 2014)
Lobbying America tells the story of the political mobilization of American business in the 1970s and 1980s. Benjamin Waterhouse traces the rise and ultimate fragmentation of a broad-based effort to unify the business community and promote a fiscally conservative, antiregulatory, and market-oriented policy agenda to Congress and the country at large. Arguing that business’s political involvement was historically distinctive during this period, Waterhouse illustrates the changing power and goals of America’s top corporate leaders.
Michelle King locates a significant historical shift in the representation of female infanticide during the nineteenth century. It was during these years that the practice transformed from a moral and deeply local issue affecting communities into an emblematic cultural marker of a backwards Chinese civilization, requiring the scientific, religious, and political attention of the West. Using a wide array of Chinese, French and English primary sources, the book takes readers on an unusual historical journey, presenting the varied perspectives of those concerned with the fate of an unwanted Chinese daughter.
The Medieval Papacy (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014)
Brett Whalen‘s The Medieval Papacy explores the unique role that the Roman Church and its papal leadership played in the historical development of medieval Europe. During the Middle Ages, the popes of Rome claimed both spiritual authority and worldly powers, vying with emperors for supremacy, ruling over the Papal States, and legislating the norms of Christian society. They also faced profound challenges to their proclaimed primacy over Christendom. Paying special attention to the religious, intellectual and political significance of the papacy from the first century through to the Reformation in the sixteenth century, this approachable survey helps us to understand the origins of an idea and institution that continue to shape our modern world.
An Original Man: The Life and Times of Elijah Muhammad (Reprinted by University of North Carolina Press, 2014)
Elijah Muhammad (1897-1975) was one of the most significant and controversial black leaders of the twentieth century. His followers called him the Messenger of Allah, while his critics labeled him a teacher of hate. Southern by birth, Muhammad moved north, eventually serving as the influential head of the Nation of Islam for over forty years. Claude Clegg III not only chronicles Muhammad’s life, but also examines the history of American black nationalists and the relationship between Islam and the African American experience.
Borderlands in World History, 1700-1914 (Reprinted by University of North Carolina Press, 2014)
Edited by Chad Bryant, Cynthia Radding, and Paul Readman, Borderlands have loomed large in modern world history. Industrialization, the development of the modern city, faster means of communication, the spread of imperialism and the rise of the modern nation-state have meant that borderlands came to encompass and divide more people than ever before. Borderlands were worldwide phenomena in which various authoritative institutional presences – many of them new to world history – attempted to establish borders, thus forming the basis for a myriad of reactions, counter-reactions, and interactions. Yet the study of borderlands has largely remained confined within the circles of various regional specializations.