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GWonline, the Bibliography and Filmography on “Gender, War and the Western World since 1600” collects and organizes secondary literature, women’s autobiographies, films and informative websites on this subject to make them available to the public. Alongside full text searching, it allows users to explore the collections of curated sources through multiple entry points: author or director, publication or release date, collection, major wars, countries and regions or keywords. The website allows users to download full lists of included secondary literature, autobiographies, films and websites as RTF files.

The literature search screens are equipped with an OPEN URL feature, a standardized link that carries citation information. It allows users to check whether articles, books, etc. are available in their local libraries. When a user clicks on this link, the information it contains is sent to a library’s URL Resolver (aka link server), which then looks through the library’s subscriptions to determine if the institution has purchased the full text of the resource and where it can be found.

GWonline is connected to the Oxford Handbook on Gender, War and the Western World since 1600 edited by Karen Hagemann (General Editor), Dirk Bönker, Stefan Dudink and Sonya Rose (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2018). The agenda of the handbook, a reference work of thirty-three essays jointly written by specialists in the history of military and war and experts in gender and women’s history, has informed the content of GWonline. The handbook, covering the period from the Thirty Years War to the Wars of Globalization, investigates how gender, an amalgam of ideals and practices that give meaning to and socially differentiate male and female, contributed to the shaping of warfare and the military and was at the same time transformed by them. Its essays explore this question by focusing on themes such as the cultural representations of military and war; war mobilization of and war support by society; war experiences on the homefronts and battlefronts; gendered war violence; military service and citizenship; war demobilization, postwar societies and memories; and the attempts to regulate and tame warfare and prevent new wars. The volume covers in chronological order the major periods in the development of warfare since the seventeenth century. While its main geographical focus is on Europe and the Americas, this history also includes the long-term processes of colonization and empire-building originating from sixteenth-century Europe, and their aftermath in the Americas, Asia, Africa and Australia. Thus the handbook allows for both temporal comparisons that explore continuities and changes in a long-term perspective, and regional comparisons as well as an assessment of transnational influences on the entangled relationships between and among gender, warfare and military culture.

Find out more about the project and the related Carolina Gender, War and Culture series here.

GWonline is sponsored and supported by:

Academic Board:

  • Karen Hagemann (UNC Chapel Hill, History Department)
    (Project Director)
  • Stefan Dudink (Radboud University Nijmegen, Institute for Gender Studies)

Past and Present Project Coordinators:


Dr. Karen Hagemann (Project Director)
James G. Kenan Distinguished Professor of History
and Adjunct Professor of the Curriculum in Peace, War and Defense
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Department of History
Hamilton Hall, CB #3195
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3195


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